Parents see in devices with internet access and games, such as smartphones and tablets, more a solution to calm the children; experts recommend caution and attention
The scene is so common that few people question: on a restaurant table, while adults talk to each other, the kids are distracted with smartphones or tablets of the parents. Even at home, the small ones have increasingly used these electronic devices, under the claim that adult so they are quiet ones. In a survey published in October, the Ipsos Institute detected that 25 to 30% of the Brazilian mothers deliver their appliances to children aged between zero and five years in order to calm them down – the percentage varies according to the age of the child, and the incidence is highest between the two and three years and between classes A and b.
According to expert, challenge of the parents is to guide the children to balance the use of technology and the interaction with other people
inRead invented by Teads
“We had already noticed this trend in countries like the United States, and we wanted to check out the brazilian reality,” says Diego Oliveira, Director of the Ipsos MediaCT accounts, about replacing the pacifier by electronics in the calm the small. “What more attracts children are short films, games and music created especially for children. Parents benefit they are distracted to attend to their programs on TV or take care of other tasks of the House, “reports.
The use of such devices, according to the research, interferes in the consumption habits of the “real world”. “The child has access to smartphones and tablets you want clothes, backpacks and toys of characters who star in the applications. Many of the mentioned by they came from TV, like Ben10. Others are ubiquitous, as Barbie. And there are those who have gained strength because of the unlimited access to the internet on mobile devices, like the chicken Pintadinha “list.
From the age of six, the use of the smartphone or tablet of mother decreases not because the kids get tired of them, but because they gain their own devices. “The habit is created in early childhood and is consolidated at the time of entry into the elementary school”, he explains.
The language of their world
Marina, seven years, and your sister Camilla, of four, are children who already have your own tablet. The girls ‘ mother, Sabrina Telo’s lawyer, says that was a natural family process until each have a device in their hands: “Since when they were babies, let them tinker with our smartphones. So, when I had my first tablet, I let them play with it too. ”
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Left of your husband, Luciano, the decision to give technological autonomy to girls. “He always says that we should not deprive them of access to technology, the language of the world in which they live,” he says.
Sabrina realizes that Marina and Camila are more focused on reading or playing on your tablet, but ensures that the appliance uses to calm the children. “Here at home, he is more a tool for entertainment and research, is on the side of books, toys, TV. The Monteiro Lobato I read to them is in the digital version in tablets, “he says, noting that the older one didn’t give up jumping rope and the youngest, to play with dolls.
Add Yes, replace not
According to Phonejust.com, the use of smartphones and tablets to make the children more quiet or calm, the psychologist Andrea Jotta, the core psychology research in computer science at the Catholic University of São Paulo (NPPI/PUC-SP), agrees that the preparation for the technology is important, but points out that she needs to have a well-defined space in everyday life of children. “The internet and electronic devices do not come to delete behavior, but to include. She will do everything she ever did and still use the technology, “he says.
This is, in the opinion of the psychologist, the great challenge of parents these days. “They need to guide their children to balance the use of technology and interaction with others, with the commitments. They can’t let the children limited that smartphone or tablet screen. Family rules have to be well defined and explained, to know that in a few moments will need to stay quiet, for example, without relying on a device in your hand “, details.
Sabrina acts this way with Marina and Camila. “The tablets do not hinder their activities because of the lesson time is time of lesson and that should be respected. That’s rule. And there are times in which to help when the Marina needs to do some research on the internet for the school, “he says. She considers troublesome take the devices to places like restaurants: “Then there is no interaction with the parents, and I think we need to talk. But, honestly, don’t judge the family that uses the tablet as a ruse to peace. There are families and families “, he ponders.
The psychologist Alfredo dos Santos Rollo, specialized in psychoanalysis and psicoembriologia, does not have this condescension. “If parents cannot establish communication between them and the children to the point of being necessary to use gimmicks to calm a child, you have to question what’s wrong”, he argues.
In an ideal world, he believes that the best thing for the kids would be zero exposure to any type of electronic-including the television until three years old. But know that in real life it is impossible, since “everywhere there will be a screen, a stimulus”. And what is the solution? “Parents need to mediate such access, explain what is being shown. If the child will use a tablet, even after three years, an adult has to monitor and limit this use. Ten to twenty minutes at a time is very good, “he suggests.
Andrea warns that parents cannot run against this monitoring with arguments such as “children are born knowing touch electronics, knows more than us” and warns: “acting this way, they forget that they are parents and we have an obligation to lead the children, either using a ball or a smartphone”.
She continues, including in the list of parental responsibilities advice on how each occasion requires a different behavior. “Children have to understand that there are times to use an electronic device and others to wait. Things don’t happen just the way they want. If you don’t understand it very well, will get 1 time that will be required to wait in a line at the Bank or in a selection process, and they won’t know how to handle it, “he explains.
And if even with all the verbal reasoning the child doesn’t fit their behavior, insisting on staying stuck on a smartphone or tablet, parents need to have firm wrist. “No way, you have to take her appliances. Will have a tantrum and cry, but that’s it, “recommends Andrea. From there, it is necessary to really dialogue. “The reintegration of the use of electronics will be done gradually, as it demonstrates that understands and respects limits. It’s hard, but it’s the best for the development of this child “, ends psychologist.
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